"It is not in my power or hand to fashion the hearts of men as the potter molds the clay and fashion them at my pleasure'¦that is God's work alone."
In January 1521, Pope Leo X excommunicated the German Reformer Martin Luther. Later that spring Luther was called to the Diet of Worms, a gathering of political and ecclesiastical officials in the presence of Emperor Charles V, to defend his beliefs. When he famously refused to recant, staking his position on the word of God, he was declared an outlaw and a heretic. Luther went into hiding at the Wartburg Castle under the protection of Elector Frederick III of Saxony.
In his absence, his former friend and colleague Andreas von Karlstadt continued the ...