What Scriptures did Jesus have in mind when he taught that living water would flow from the hearts of those who believe in him? Similarly, when he claimed to be the light of the world, what Old Testament promises was he alluding to? Is the story of the woman caught in adultery an authentic part of the Fourth Gospel or a later addition? On this episode, Shane Rosenthal discusses these questions and more with Andreas Kostenberger as they unpack the historical and theological significance of chapters 7 and 8 of the Gospel of John.
Shane Rosenthal: “We have water and we take it for granted. Exactly. You come from a Baptist background. There are some who take Jesus’ words to Nicodemus and apply it to baptism. And it sounds like what I’m hearing you say is that it’s not necessarily a reference to baptism, it’s a reference to the Old Testament imagery about the power of the spirit.”
Term to Learn
“Covenant of Works”
We can define the covenant of works as God’s commitment to give Adam, and his posterity in him, eternal life for obedience or eternal death for disobedience. It is the original state into which Adam and Eve were created. Being in the image of God, Adam had a righteous and holy nature, wherein he was able to earn the reward by his works.
(Michael G. Brown and Zach Keele, Sacred Bond, p. 45)