White Horse Inn Blog

Know what you believe and why you believe it

Christianity: Conservative or Socialist?

Dr. Brian Lee, pastor of Christ Reformed Church in Washington D.C., and occasional White Horse Inn guest blogger, has an opinion piece up at The Daily Caller (which some call a conservative alternative to The Huffington Post). The article is titled, “Christianity is neither conservative nor socialist,” and serves as an excellent introduction to the Two Kingdom approach to the relationship between Christianity and civil government. Here are the first few paragraphs of Dr. Lee’s article:

Both the Christian Right and the Christian Left get the question of Christianity and politics wrong. Christianity is not politically conservative or politically liberal — though Christians may be either. Christianity is not political at all. It is in a sense politically agnostic. But in another sense it calls into question the basis of every earthly power, including politics.

Those looking to dig into the Bible and find a political platform are going to be sorely disappointed. It’s not there. That is for the simple reason that it is not a book about politics, but about God, and how He is saving His people through Jesus Christ. This distinguishes Christianity from Old Testament Judaism and modern day Islam, both of which contain detailed political agendas. Well-meaning Christians that want to outline a detailed “Christian” agenda of their own, however, will simply not find one.

When opponents tried to trap Jesus between his fidelity to oppressed Israel or oppressor Rome, he asked whose picture was on the coin, and taught us to render unto Caesar what belongs to Caesar (Matt 22:15-22). When on trial before Caesar, he admitted to being the King of the Jews, but in the same breath asserted “My kingdom is not of this world” (John 18:33-37).

Click here to read the full article at The Daily Caller

The Fatherhood of God and the Brotherhood of Man

Already the new Alabama Governor, Robert Bentley, is embroiled in controversy over comments he made in a church service following his inauguration. At the heart of the controversy are his comments about non-Christians not being his brothers and sisters.

On one hand, the reaction highlights the pervasiveness of religious pluralism.  The gospel proclaims God’s forgiveness in Christ and that all who are united to Christ by faith—regardless of race, socio-economic background, and gender—are brothers and sisters.  That Gov. Bentley’s comments could be excoriated as divisive points up the scandal of the gospel in our culture, with all claims to “no other name” considered incendiary.

On the other hand, the reaction highlights the danger of confusing state office with church office.  What’s a governor doing in a pulpit and what’s a church doing hosting a service celebrating an inauguration?  If non-Christians are a little tightly wound about Christ’s exclusive claims as endangering the public order, maybe it’s not entirely their fault.

It’s ridiculous to assert that Gov. Bentley’s comments violate the First Amendment; to disallow such comments would be a violation, in fact.  However, strictly from a Christian point of view, such unauthorized use of Christ’s embassy for the affairs of civil society ought to be challenged. I doubt that faithful sermons, songs, and prayers in churches this Sunday will undergo similar scrutiny, even though they would be just as offensive to many of our neighbors.  But a governor preaching on inauguration day in his secular office makes it even harder for us to convince our neighbors that the gospel triumphs through Word and Spirit rather than through the sword of state.

Can You Say “Kingdom Confusion”? I Knew You Could!

The Sarah Palin Battle Hymn

WHI-1032 | The Gospel of the Kingdom

The kingdom of God can only be defined by attending closely to its unfolding in history. The reign of God takes different forms in this history, but its goal is nothing less than God’s dwelling in the midst of his people in righteousness, peace, and justice. But how does the Kingdom of God advance? What are its signs and how is it related to the redemption accomplished by Jesus Christ? That’s our subject for this edition of White Horse Inn as the hosts continue their discussion of The Great Commission.


Jesus vs. Paul
Michael Horton
The Great Announcement
Michael Horton
The Return of the King
Michael Kruger
WHI Discussion Group Questions
PDF Document


Introducing Covenant Theology
Michael Horton
Living in God’s Two Kingdoms
David VanDrunen
The Gospel Commission
Michael Horton


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Andrew Osenga

Tim Keller on the Ways and Means of Revival

Tim Keller has posted an interesting blog piece on the ways and means of revival. Here’s the opening paragraph:

How do seasons of revival come? One set of answers comes from Charles Finney, who turned revivals into a “science.” Finney insisted that any group could have a revival any time or place, as long as they applied the right methods in the right way. Finney’s distortions, I think, led to much of the weakness in modern evangelicalism today, as has been well argued by Michael Horton over the years. Especially under Finney’s influence, revivalism undermined the more traditional way of doing Christian formation. That traditional way of Christian growth was gradual—whole family catechetical instruction—and church-centric. Revivalism under Finney, however, shifted the emphasis to seasons of crisis. Preaching became less oriented to long-term teaching and more directed to stirring up the affections of the heart toward decision. Not surprisingly, these emphases demoted the importance of the church in general and of careful, sound doctrine and put all the weight on an individual’s personal, subjective experience. And this is one of the reasons (though not the only reason) that we have the highly individualistic, consumerist evangelicalism of today. Click here to read the full blog post.

International Academy of Apologetics, Evangelism, and Human Rights

Prof. John W. Montgomery, a guest on the White Horse Inn and a contributor to Modern Reformation, has an important announcement:


For two weeks–in the French Rhineland–you can study with premier apologists and cover the entire gamut of contemporary objections to historic Christian faith, together with the most effective answers.

Dates: 5-16 July. Location: Strasbourg, France. U.S. academic credit available.

Board of Reference includes Michael Horton and Rod Rosenbladt, who lecture regularly at the Academy. Lecturers this summer (they are all in the Reformation tradition; you’ll have heard of several of them on the White Horse Inn): John Warwick Montgomery, Craig Parton, Esq., Angus Menuge, Adam Francisco. Special guest: Dr Ross Clifford, leading Australian apologist and expert on the New Age.

Registration deadline: 1 February. Cost: $2,995–but a few $1,000 scholarships are still available.

Detailed information on the Academy website: www.apologeticsacademy.eu

As silly as it sounds

Tired of Bible Pictionary? Play Omega: The End Times Board Game tonight!

Silent Night?

How did you spend your Christmas? Different cultures in different parts of the world spend Christmas in different ways, even observe Christmas on different days. But for most of us, Christmas is a day of rest, of refreshment, and of joy. Not for the Christians in Iran, however. We recently received the following update from our friends at Elam Ministries, reporting that 70 Christians were arrested during Christmas day raids by the government.

In the early morning hours after Christmas day, the Iranian government arrested 25 Christians in Tehran and other locations. They also planned to detain sixteen others, but were unable to locate them. There are also unconfirmed reports that the authorities have arrested over 50 other Christians. According to BBC Persian, the Governor of Tehran has vowed to arrest more evangelical Christians.

One of those detained was able to make a call to friends from an unknown location on the morning of the arrests, leaving this message –

“Unfortunately early this morning the authorities came to our homes. They arrested us and many other believers. I want to ask you to pray for us.We are sure God will never leave us or forsake us. God bless you. Sorry for giving you bad news over Christmas, but I believe God will do something for us.”

Those who received the voice message were impressed by the caller’s courage and calmness.

Armed, plain-clothes, special security officers forcefully entered the homes of Christians while they were asleep, and verbally and physically abused them. They were handcuffed and taken for interrogation. Among those arrested were five married couples. One couple was separated from their two-year old baby. Another couple was also forced to leave their baby that the mother was breast feeding. A number of single young women were also among those taken.

Another sixteen Christians would have been arrested, but were not at home. The security forces broke into at least five such homes, ransacking them, taking personal possessions, changing the locks and placing a government seal on the door. Family members of these Christians have been called by the authorities and threatened and harassed. They were instructed to tell the Christians to surrender themselves.

After many hours of interrogation, eleven of the detained were released. The other fourteen are still in prison. There has been no contact from eight of the arrested. Six have been able to make a very short call to their families. In one of the brief calls, one of the arrested complained that they are being subjected to sleep deprivation.

None of them have been granted any legal representation. No charges have been made, though it is clear that they were arrested for their active Christian faith.There has been a gross lack of due process. The government authorities have not provided any written documents as to the reason for the arrests, any record of the items confiscated, and family members are not allowed to visit the detained.

There is an urgent need for Christians all over the world to intercede for our brothers and sisters in prison in Iran.

Let us pray that they will experience the presence and the power of the Holy Spirit, even in their prison cells. Pray they will have supernatural endurance and courage through this trial, and be shining witnesses to the guards and other inmates. Pray for peace and wisdom when they are being interrogated. Pray for their health. Pray for comfort and confidence for their families. Pray they will soon be released.

Pray for the welfare and protection of those the government is still seeking to arrest. Pray the Lord will guide their every step. Pray for the wider church in Iran to continue faithfully and fearlessly proclaiming the Good News of the Gospel. Pray for those who are working to help the persecuted and their families.

It is comforting to know that our sovereign, omniscient, all-powerful God knows about every single arrest that has been made, and that He will bring glory to His name through this suffering. He will cause this persecution to bring victory for His Kingdom in Iran.

Thank you for your prayers,

The Elam Team

For more information, visit Elam’s website and subscribe to their email updates.

A Remarkable Pair of Reviews

I’ll admit that I haven’t seen the new True Grit, yet, but I’m really enjoying reading all the reviews.  Fox News commentator Bill O’Reilly thinks the new Coen brothers’ version displays in living color everything that is wrong with America. While professor Stanley Fish writes in the New York Times that the new version is a truly religious movie (of a Calvinistic variety).

Have you seen it? What do you think? Who gets it right, O’Reilly or Fish?

Transforming or being transformed by?

What would happen if you took Oprah at her word? About this time last year Robyn Okrant gave it a shot, and then wrote about her experience in Living Oprah: My One-Year Experiment to Walk the Walk of the Queen of Talk (Center Street, January 4, 2010). Here’s the description from an online bookseller:

What happens when a thirty-five-year-old average American woman spends one year following every piece of Oprah Winfrey’s advice on how to “live your best life”? Robyn Okrant devoted 2008 to adhering to all of Oprah’s suggestions and guidance delivered via her television show, her Web site, and her magazine. LIVING OPRAH is a month-by-month account of that year.
Some of the challenges included enrollment in Oprah’s Best Life Challenge for physical fitness and weight control, living vegan, and participating in Oprah’s Book Club. After 365 days of LIVING OPRAH, Okrant reflects on the rewards won and lessons learned as well as the tolls exacted by the experiment.

Now there has been a steady stream of such books. In fact it is a self-help genre all its own, that is, a humorous experiment in literal application for the sake of self-improvement, all the while admitting in a spirit of irony how down-right funny and challenging (if not impossible) life can be. Consider Julie Powell’s French cooking blog that became a popular book Julia and Julia: My Year of Cooking Dangerously which eventually became a successful film with Meryl Streep as Julia Child.

The question I have concerns the origins of the self-help genre. Did it originally evolve in broader American culture, with evangelical authors and publishers following suit (and believe me they have!). Or did evangelicals themselves consolidate and extend the genre so as to make it a perpetual boom in American publishing? Is it possible that evangelicalism has contributed to the moralization (read “secularization”) of American culture? It’s difficult to say, but notice the publication dates.

First there’s the secular Jewish author A.J. Jacobs’s The Year of Living Biblically: One Man’s Humble Quest to Follow the Bible as Literally as Possible (Simon & Schuster, 2007). A little while on Zondervan published a “Christian” version with The Year of Living Like Jesus: My Journey of Discovering What Jesus Would Really Do (2009) by Ed Dobson. By the end of this month we will be able to read How to be Perfect: One Church’s Audacious Experiment in Living the Old Testament Book of Leviticus (FaithWords) by Daniel Harrell, which was originally based on a church’s Facebook project to “Live Levitically” for the duration of a sermon series through the third book of the Bible. The publisher whets readers’ appetite with this description:

Influenced by A. J. Jacobs’s The Year of Living Biblically, Harrell managed to recruit 20 members of his Boston congregation to join him in a month-long effort at living Levitically. Holiness was the ultimate goal, but so was learning. People who take the Bible seriously never know what to do with the book of Leviticus. And yet Leviticus is historically considered by Jews, and thus by Jesus, as the pivotal book of the Hebrew Bible. It’s impossible to fully comprehend such key New Testament terms as sacrifice, atonement, or blood without some understanding of Leviticus. The “second greatest commandment,” which Jesus said was “Love your neighbor as yourself,” comes from Leviticus (19:18).

As a longtime minister and preacher who had successfully skirted Leviticus for most of his life, author Daniel Harrell wanted to come to grips with all that Leviticus teaches–not just loving neighbors, but the parts about animal sacrifice, Sabbath-keeping, skin diseases, homosexuality, and stoning sinners, too. Yet rather than approaching Leviticus with a view toward mitigating its commands, he decided to simply obey them.

The surprising lessons they learned impressed on Harrell both the power of obedience and the necessity of grace. This book traces the adventures of a group of people eager to understand the Bible by living it. (2010)

Remarkably, I have it on good authority that popsicle sticks were employed for the purpose of reconstructing small replicas of the temple, presumably in an effort to “simply obey the Bible.” Personally, I think I would actually prefer kosher eating laws to Oprah’s vegan diet, but I’d definitely want to think it over before making a year-long commitment either way. Maybe I’d score a book contract out of it, and I’d have to consider who would play me in the film version of my year of biblical diets. That’s a tricky one – Robert Duval is too old and may not want to eat locusts and honey.

Finally, we have Phil Callaway’s To Be Perfectly Honest: A Year of Living Truthfully wherein the publicist reports a “Christian author blends honesty and humor” to “try and not tell a lie for a full year.” Sadly, arriving so late in the game of this tired genre the author must be kidding himself (which is arguably a form of lying). In any case, it is possible that Callaway’s other books Making Life Rich without Any Money or With God on the Golf Course are more (self-) helpful reads. I am inclined to think, given his last name, that he may have a promising angle for the second of those.

For further reflection try this classic article by our editor in chief: “Are Churches Secularizing America?” (March/April 2008).

Ryan Glomsrud is the executive editor of Modern Reformation magazine.

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