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Review of Jesus Calling

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As far back as you can recall, you've started or ended the day with a time of personal meditation on God's Word and prayer. Only this time, you try something different. You want to hear Jesus speak to you personally. So you take out pen and paper and record the results. As she tells us in her introduction, this is what happened when Sarah Young sought a deeper sense of the presence of Jesus. The result is the daily devotional, Jesus Calling: Enjoying Peace in His Presence (Thomas Nelson, 2004). The book has taken off since it was first published. It now includes a variety of supplements and has even been turned into a NKJV study Bible.


The author states up front that, unlike Scripture, the words she reports from Jesus are not inerrant. Nevertheless, she presents them as first-person speech from Jesus himself. "I knew that God communicated with me through the Bible," she says, "but I yearned for more." "Increasingly, I wanted to hear what God had to say to me personally on a given day." That "more" was "the Presence of Jesus," something beyond the ordinary means of grace. "So I was ready to begin a new spiritual quest," beginning with Andrew Murray's The Secret of the Abiding Presence. After reading God Calling, she relates, "I began to wonder if I, too, could receive messages during my times of communing with God."


Preparing for an interview today on the topic, I read through Jesus Calling. A few reflections: first touching on the method and then on the message.


The Method


In Romans 10, Paul ties the method of salvation to the message: Just as God has saved us in Christ, apart from our works, he has chosen a method of delivering this gift that puts us on the receiving end. We don't have to ascend into heaven or descend to the depths to find Christ, according to Scripture. "But what does it say? 'The word is near you; it is in your mouth and in your heart,' that is, the word of faith we are proclaiming" (v 8). "So faith comes by hearing and hearing by the word of Christ" (v 17).


Jesus Christ, who rose from the dead, is the Word Incarnate; his speech is the very word of God. Proving his claims by his resurrection from the dead, he also commissioned his apostles as his ambassadors. Their speech in his name is his speech. Furthermore, when that word is proclaimed and read today, it is the very Word of God. Preaching involves teaching and exhortation, but it is more than that; it is Christ himself commanding, absolving, justifying, renewing, sanctifying, and assuring us. Christ could not be closer to you than he is by his Word and Spirit.


Neither Christ nor the Spirit speaks today apart from his Word. It is through the public ministry of preaching and the sacraments that the Holy Spirit unites us to Christ with all of his benefits. When we meditate on Scripture privately or in our family devotions, it is an extension of that public ministry. The preached Word calls us "out of ourselves," as the Westminster Shorter Catechism puts it, binding us to Christ and therefore to his body. It is not simply a private affair in the garden, alone, whose joy "none other has ever known," as the Keswick-inspired hymn has it ("In the Garden"). It was this point that separated the churches of the Reformation not only from Rome but from the Anabaptists.


Yet evangelicalism is a river into which various streams converge. The Reformers discovered in Scripture an inseparable connection between the public and the private, the external and the internal, the formal and the informal. However, radical Protestantism has frequently set the latter over the former. Sure, the external Word matters, but it's the word that Jesus or the Spirit speaks directly to each of us every day that matters more. "Something more" is the essence of what the Reformers called "enthusiasm."


In terms of method, then, Jesus Calling is a "something more" book. At the very least, I believe that it encourages believers to see God's Word as hum-drum and to ascend into the heavens or descend to the depths to discover a word that will make Jesus more present in our daily lives. According to the Reformation stream of evangelicalism, God speaks to us in his Word (the arrow pointing down from God to us) and we speak to him in prayer (the arrow directed up to God). However, Jesus Calling confuses the direction of these arrows, blurring the distinction between God's speech and our response.


The Message


In terms of content, the message is reducible to one point: Trust me more in daily dependence and you'll enjoy my presence.


There are some good points. Jesus, according to the author, doesn't promise a problem-free life; trials are opportunities for growth spurts. He's in charge and works everything together for our good. Don't seek Jesus merely to confirm your own plans for the day, but be transformed by his purposes. And above all, fix your eyes on Jesus.


Yet I kept asking, "What purposes"? "Who is Jesus and why should I fix my eyes on him?" In short, the gospel is taken for granted. When exhortations to trust are separated from a clear proclamation of who Christ is, what he has done, and why he is therefore trustworthy, trust simply becomes a work—something that I need to gin up within myself.


The substance of the book is drawn from the wells of the Keswick or "higher life/victorious life" movement that B. B. Warfield critiqued so thoroughly at the turn of the twentieth century in his massive study, Perfectionism. Based on the Wesleyan notion of two acts of faith—one for justification and another for sanctification, the Keswick teaching calls believers to enter into the "higher life." While they are saved, many believers fail to experience the presence of Jesus in their daily lives. By "surrendering all," letting go of their attachment to the things of this world, and striving to enter into this realm of ultimate peace, believers can attain a perpetual state of victory. As Warfield pointed out, the movement exhibited a deep inner contradiction in its message. On the one hand, you aren't supposed to do anything, but simply rest in Jesus. Leave off striving! On the other hand, there are many things that you have to strive to do in order to enter into the higher life. Warfield traced the lineage back to Germany mysticism.


Andrew Murray (1828-1917) was a classic spiritual writer in this stream and his book, The Secret of the Abiding Presence, has been a staple of Keswick piety. Murray's emphases are replete throughout Jesus Calling. The only difference is that they are placed on the lips of Jesus himself.


Compared with the Psalms, for example, Jesus Calling is remarkably shallow. I do not say that with a snarky tone, but with all seriousness. The Psalms first place before us the mighty acts of God and then call us to respond in confession, trust, and thankfulness. But in Jesus Calling I'm repeatedly exhorted to look to Christ, rest in Christ, trust in Christ, to be thankful and long for a deeper sense of his presence, with little that might provoke any of this. Which means that I'm directed not actually to Christ but to my own inner struggle to be more trustful, restful, and thankful.


Consequently, trust becomes a work. Nothing depends on us, but everything depends on us. Strive to stop striving. Then, "Save your best striving for seeking my face" (71). "Thankfulness opens the door to My Presence...I have empowered you to open or close that door" (215). You can achieve the victorious life through living in deep dependence on Me" (6). "Every time you affirm your trust in me, you put a coin into my treasury. Thus you build up equity in preparation for days of trouble. I keep safely in My heart all trust invested in Me, with interest compounded continuously. The more you trust Me, the more I empower you to do so...Store up for yourself treasure in heaven, through placing your trust in Me. This practice will keep you in My Peace."


The first mention of Christ even dying for our sins appears on February 28 (page 61). The next reference (to wearing Christ's robe) is August 9 (p. 232). Even the December readings focus on a general presence of Jesus in our hearts and daily lives, without anchoring it in Jesus's person and work in history.


As in Keswick spirituality more generally, trust becomes an inner virtue that grows by its exercise. "The more you choose to trust Me, the easier it becomes," Jesus allegedly says. "Thought patterns of trust become etched into your brain." This has more in common with Aristotle than with the Apostles. The latter taught that faith comes—and is strengthened—by hearing God's Word proclaimed.


Reading Jesus Calling, I was reminded of the confusing message of my Christian youth. Longing for "something more," I pored over my mother's bookshelf: Thomas a Kempis' Imitation of Christ, D. L. Moody, Bill Bright, and Andrew Murray. Only with the discovery of the Reformers and various Puritan writers was I offered a liberating alternative that drew me out of myself to cling to Christ. While looking to this Reformation stream for a cluster of doctrines, many in the history of pietism have looked for "something more" elsewhere. Luther and Calvin may be great guides on understanding salvation, but we find our spirituality in medieval and modern alternatives. Yet Reformation piety directs us to the Word, always to the Word, where Christ speaks to us every time it is preached and his sacraments are administered in his name. When we come to this Word, in public and in private, we never need something more.

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  • [&] A Review of Jesus Calling  You want to hear Jesus speak to you personally, you'll only find it in the Bible. If you go looking for Christ outside the Bible, you won't find him. Same with God. If you go looking for him outside of Christ, you'll only find the devil. [&]

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  • I keep reading your "Reformation" religion doctrine only to continue to see millions going to Hell. What about the billions of people that don't have access to the internet and all of the materials that are required reading in your religion?! I mean, so many people don't even have a Bible, let alone, in their language. Yet, you guys spend millions on attacking a n y t h i n g NOT agreeable with your interpretation of the Word i.e. Bible. Shame on you.

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  • Spend more of your money on saving the lost. Millions are going to not be saved with the money you waste on tearing down anything that's not in your "Reformation" approved list, even though it very possibly glorifies Jesus Christ.
    I mean, so many people don't even have a Bible, let alone - in their own language. Your time & effort could be used a whole lot better for God's Kingdom. Or don't you believe in that either? May I suggest "The Secret Church" ministry. Or "Voice of the Mardyr" or "Champus Crusade for Christ" has an outreach that smuggles in Bibles.
    I read my Bible - I believe what the Bible says & I believe it is the Inspired Breathe & Living Word of God. That's my #1 Guide to being a Christian. Oh, but, wait - do you Reformed people call yourself Christians or is that not Biblical "in your doctrine" too? Acts 11:26
    God Bless

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  • Guest - Chris

    At the risk of responding to a troll, here goes:

    Adelia,

    Forgive me, but your argument doesn't sound so strong when you just substitute the word "doctrine" for "teaching."

    Because only the pure and unadulterated gospel is the power of God to save.

    Yours,

    Christopher Jager
    Tillamook, OR
    Redeemer Lutheran LCMS
    chrisnkeiplus@live.com

    "Take care then how you hear, for to the one who has, more will be given, and from the one who has not, even what he thinks that he has will be taken away." Luke 8:18 ESV

    "Your eye is the lamp of your body. When your eye is healthy, your whole body is full of light, but when it is bad, your body is full of darkness. Therefore be careful lest the light in you be darkness. If then your whole body is full of light, having no part dark, it will be wholly bright, as when a lamp with its rays gives you light." Luke 11:34-36 ESV

    "Therefore be careful lest the light in you be darkness." Luke 11:35

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  • Guest - Bill

    Adelia, I do not believe anybody will deny that God uses the evangelical church and the catholic church as well to spread the gospel. Luther, mentioned that as hidden as the gospel was in the Roman Catholic church it was still possible that saving knowledge of Christ could be grasped by some with the catholic church. And the same applies to evangelicalism. So those organizations that are smuggling bibles are surely being used by God to spread the gospel, in spite of serious doctrinal problems within these organizations themselves. Even Paul in Philippians 1:15-18 rejoices when the gospel is being preached out of selfish ambition, all that matters is that the the gospel is being preached.

    Now what you are forgetting is that evangelical mega churches that invoke the name of Christ are entertaining the goats instead of preaching to the sheep. So it is very important that this be pointed out, as christians we ought to call out false teachers that in the name of Christ are teaching humanism and have hijacked christianity for personal gain. But you are right what ought to delight and rejoice when this organizations put bibles in the hands of people that otherwise would never read them. I am so thankful to the Jehova's Witness, Mormon, or evangelical that gets a bible into anybody's hand. I came to the knowledge of Christ this way, a missionary in Argentina dropped a bible in my hands. There was not bible at home except the one this missionary gave me, and I came to know Christ that way.

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  • Guest - Chris

    Bill,

    As long as the saving gospel is actually being preached along with those Bibles, unadulterated, that would be good...and I rejoice with both you and Paul. If Bibles are being handed out, great! But if the Word is being twisted to shape the opinions and unbelief of men, I also say with Paul, let them be anathema!

    That being said, great care should be given in hearing and teaching the truth of Christ. Our doctrine, that is, our teaching, should reflect the truth alone. Jesus required nothing less, even to the point that he inspired James to write that teachers would incur a stricter judgment. I know that you know this, but I'm saying it here for the benefit of everyone.

    It is good to hear your kind words again.

    Yours,

    Christopher Jager
    Tillamook, OR
    Redeemer Lutheran LCMS
    chrisnkeiplus@live.com

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  • Guest - Bill

    Agree 100% Chris with what you wrote.

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  • Guest - Tish

    GOD has talked to me directly and told me what to do and when to do it IT is true this has happened to me more than once and I don't question it not even for a second.

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  • Guest - Bill

    Tish, unless God spoke to you through the message of the cross, Christ crucified for our sins and raised for our justification, it is very difficult to conclude that God told you what to do. Your experience could very well be a mystical experience, unrelated to the triune god of the bible. God does speak outside his Son, like through his creation and through the law as well, but God primarily speaks to us through the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. Anything that does not point to Christ as Redeemer, or God as Creator, is an experience that we have to be careful to conclude it is from the God of the Bible and not the desires of the flesh. However if what God tells us is aligned with his will revealed in the 10 commandments outlined on Christ's Sermon on the Mount, then for srue we can know it is from the Lord. Otherwise it most likely is not.

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  • Guest - Chris

    Tish,

    TROLL!

    Christopher Jager
    Tillamook, OR
    Redeemer Lutheran LCMS
    chrisnkeiplus@live.com

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